This option is for modifying the channels or back-of-footpath of a road carriageway.

You can change the road at any time during the design process. Site3D will work out all the knock-on effects and update your site accordingly.

To access the tools for modifying road channels and footpaths click the Channel Tools button button and select the Channel or Footpath you want to modify.
The Channels/Footpaths toolbar will be shown:

Channels Toolbar

Select the Widen Channel button widening/narrowing button.

The following window is shown:

Channel Widen window

As you move the mouse over the Plan View you will see that the chainage selector is in operation on your chosen design line. It is awaiting you to pick the chainage position where you want to start widening or narrowing.

After you have picked the start chainage, it will be awaiting for you to pick the end chainage, where your widening/narrowing is to stop.

After picking the end chainage, it will be awaiting you to pick the final offset. As you move the mouse you will see where the design line would be placed when you click.

Specifying a channel widening

This image shows a widening being specified on the upper (left) road channel. The widening starts on the left side of the image, and widens towards the right side of the image.

Channel modification

This image shows the proposed channel modification after the user has clicked the OK button on the Widening Item window.

Result of a channel widening

This image shows the resultant road widening after the Apply Changes button Apply Changes button has been clicked on the Channels toolbar.

When you click the OK button on the Widening Item window you will be shown the new path of the Channel/Footpath but the road will not yet be recalculated to use it. This is because you may want to make several changes to the Channel/Footpth design before apply it to the road. For example, if you are specifying a parking bay then you will want to put in both a widening and then a narrowing to bring the road width back.

Click the Apply Changes button Apply Changes button when you have finished modifying the Channel/Footpath design.

Your road will then be recalculated to use the new design in both 2D and 3D, and any other aspect of the design (for example a nearby junction) will be automatically recalculated to accomodate the changes.

Straight Line / Follows Curve

Most commonly, widenings follow a straight line path from start to end.

Straight widening around a curve

Straight Line widening.

Note: Around a tight bend the straight line widening may flatten the curve undesirably. To widen or narrow around a bend, use a Mitre Item over the widening to specify a curve radius for the width change.

If you need to make a long widening around a curve you might want to widen gradually so as to reflect the road curvature.

Curved widening around a curve

Follows Curve widening.
The gradual widening follows the curve forming a spiral path.

NOTE: Use of the Follows Curve option is now discouraged, and will be removed in a future version of Site3D. This is because a spiral curve is rarely the correct engineering solution to widening around a corner.

The correct way to widen around a corner is to use the straight widening with a curve radius applied over the change. The curve is specified with a Mitre Item with a radius, placed over the widening.

Fillet Radii

A widening can be designed with both a lead-in (First radius) and a lead-out (Second radius) arc.

Widen without start/end radii

This image shows a Channel widening with no radius specified for the start or end of the item.

Widen with start/end radii

This image show the same Channel widening with 5m radii specified for both start and end.


See Also: